Everest Base Camp rock

EBC: All Possible Routes Explained In Detail (With Map)

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You can reach the Everest Base Camp or EBC via various routes, but the game is to choose the right one in the right season. In this comprehensive guide, we will explain all possible routes in detail. Fret not, for we will cover all bases (pun intended) and give exhaustive details including maps, elevation charts, and multiple other insights.

We aim to equip you with the knowledge needed to make an informed decision and tailor your EBC adventure as per your preferences. So, lace up your boots and get ready to explore the awe-inspiring landscapes and rich culture of the Everest Khumbu region.

Note: You can reduce the number of days on the trekking routes, but we do not recommend doing so. Proper acclimatization plays an important role at high altitudes. Stick to the basics, and do not forget the three thumb rules.

  • Do not ascend more than 300-500 m per night
  • Include a rest day for every 800 – 1000 m ascent
  • Hike high sleep low

Different Trekking Routes To Everest Base Camp (EBC)

The Classic Route (13 days, 74.75 Miles/ 120.3 Km)

EBC classic route trekking map

The classic route involves trekking to the Everest Base Camp and returning on the same route. You will take 13 days to cover this trail with 2 acclimatization days, and 1 buffer day. You can then take a day to fly back to Kathmandu on the last day of your trek.

DaysTrek RouteDistanceDurationAltitude
Day 1Fly from Kathmandu to Lukla, trek from Lukla to Phakding8 Km4-5 Hours2800 m – 2500 m
Day 2Phakding to Namche Bazaar10 Km8-10 Hours2500 m – 3440 m
Day 3Acclimatization day at Namche Bazaar, trek to the Everest View Hotel or Khumjung and Khunde villages5.4 Km or 5.2 Km4 Hours or 5-6 Hours3880 m, 3790 m, 3840 m
Day 4Namche Bazaar to Tengboche/ Deboche/ Pangboche10 Km/ 11 Km/ 13 Km6-7 Hours/ 7 Hours/ 8-10 Hours3440 m – 3865 m/ 3820 m/ 3958 m
Day 5Tengboche/ Deboche/ Pangboche to Dingboche10 Km/ 9 Km/ 7 Km7-8 Hours/ 6-8 Hours/ 5-6 Hours3865 m/ 3820 m/ 3958 m – 4350 m
Day 6Acclimatization day at Dingboche,
trek to Nangartshang Peak or Chhukung village
4 Km/ 4.5 Km5 Hours/ 3 Hours5083 m or 4730 m
Day 7Dingboche to Lobuche8 Km6 Hours4350 m – 4930 m
Day 8Lobuche to Gorakshep, trek to EBC and back to Gorakshep5 Km, 7 Km3 Hours, 3-5 HoursEBC 5364 m4930 m – 5160 m
Day 9Trek to Kala Patthar and back to Gorakshep, Gorakshep to Pheriche4 Km, 12 km5 Hours, 4-6 HoursKala Patthar 5545 m,5160 m – 4240 m 
Day 10Pheriche to Namche Bazar19 Km6-10 Hours4240 m – 3440 m
Day 11Namche Bazaar to Lukla18 Km6-10 Hours3440 m – 2800 m
Day 12Buffer Day
Day 13Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu

The Classic Route With Helicopter Return (10 days, 44.3 Miles/ 71.3 Km)

Helicopter ride to EBC

Here, you trek on the classic route and can enjoy breathtaking aerial views from the heli ride. The helicopter ride will be part of your return journey, which will be from Gorakshep to Lukla. The ride will shorten your trek by 3 days. If you’re looking for a shorter adventure, this option is great. The Helicopter ride will cost you $350 – $500 per person if shared among 5 people, while a private charter costs $2000 – $2200. You can book via Nepal Helicopters.

The Traditional Route Via Jiri (Kathmandu – Salleri – Khari La – Puiya/ Paiya – Phakding, 15 Days, 87 Miles/ 140.3 Km)

Bridge crossing along the EBC trek

A few years back, people used to start their trek from Jiri. Later, the roads were constructed till Nungthala. Now, the roads are extended until Khari La (Tham Dada Jeep station) and this is where the jeeps drop you. Road construction to Lukla and Chaurikharka is in progress and is expected to be completed soon.

This is the old route that people usually use if their flights get canceled or if they’re on a budget. The route is not popular because Jeep rides are extremely bumpy and it isn’t everyone’s cup of tea.

DaysTrek RouteDistanceDurationAltitude
Day 1Kathmandu to Salleri (bus or jeep)273 Km8 Hours1400 m – 2390 m
Day 2Jeep ride from Salleri to Khari La. Trek to Puiya/ Paiya3.8 Km/ 4.9 Km5-7 Hours, 2-4 Hours2390 m – 2730 m. 2810 m (Puiya/ Paiya)
Day 3Puiya/ Paiya to Phakding16 Km/ 15 Km7-9 Hours2810 m – 2500 m
Day 4  – Day 13Continue the Classic Route from Day 2

EBC And Gokyo Lakes

EBC and Gokyo Lakes trekking route map

There are two ways to do the EBC and Gokyo Lakes trek, as a loop is created from Namche. You can either go clockwise or anti-clockwise on this trail. The latter is easier wherein you cross the Cho La Pass from Dzongla, cross the Ngozumba Glacier, and reach Gokyo. The other way around involves a steep ascent that requires relatively more effort. Also, note that since Gorakshep is crowded and the altitude is high, people only stay for a day and return.

On this route, you cross the Cho La Pass and Ngozumpa Glacier, summit Gokyo Ri, explore the high-altitude Gokyo Lakes, and see beautiful 8000ers of Cho Oyo and Makalu peaks. 

Please note that we do not recommend you cross the Ngozumba Glacier post-noon. Refer to the “Important Things to Know” blog that explains why.

Clockwise Route (Namche – Gokyo – Cho La Pass – EBC – Namche, 16 Days, 94 Miles/ 151.3 Km)

DaysTrek RouteDistanceDurationAltitude
Day 1Fly from Kathmandu to Lukla, trek from Lukla to Phakding8 Km4-5 Hours2800 m – 2500 m
Day 2Phakding to Namche Bazaar10 Km8-10 Hours2500 m – 3440 m
Day 3Acclimatization day at Namche Bazaar, trek to the Everest View Hotel or Khumjung and Khunde villages5.4 Km or 5.2 Km4 Hours or 5-6 Hours3880 m, 3790 m, 3840 m
Day 4Namche Bazaar to Phortse Thanga/ Dole9 Km/ 13 Km6-8 Hours, 8-10 Hours3440 m – 3590 m/ 4038 m
Day 5Phortse Thanga/ Dole to Machhermo11 Km/ 7 Km6-8 Hours/ 5-6 Hours3590 m/ 4038 m – 4470 m
Day 6Machermo to Gokyo8 Km6 Hours4470 m – 4750 m
Day 7Acclimatization day at Gokyo,
trek to Gokyo Ri and Gokyo Lakes
3.6 Km, 12.6 Km5 hours, 5 hours5344 m, 4988 m
Day 8Gokyo to Dragnag via Ngozumba Glacier3.6 Km2-4 Hours4750 m – 4700 m
Day 9Dragnag to Dzongla via Cho La Pass8.8 Km6-8 Hours4700 m – 4830 m
Day 10Dzongla to Lobuche6.3 Km4 Hours4830 m – 4930 m
Day 11Lobuche to Gorakshep, Trek to EBC and back to Gorakshep5 Km, 7 Km3 Hours, 3-5 HoursEBC 5364 m,
4930 m – 5160 m
Day 12Trek to Kala Patthar and back to Gorakshep, Gorakshep to Pheriche4 Km, 12 km5 Hours, 4-6 Hours5545 m,5160 m – 4240 m 
Day 13Pheriche to Namche Bazar19 Km6-10 Hours4240 m – 3440 m
Day 14Namche Bazaar to Lukla18 Km6-10 Hours3440 m – 2800 m
Day 15Buffer Day
Day 16Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu

Counterclockwise Route (Namche – EBC – Cho La Pass – Gokyo – Namche, 17 Days, 95 Miles/ 153 Km)

Lake Three or Dudh Phokari or Gokyo Cho
Dudh Pokhari or Gokyo Lake 3

We recommend the counterclockwise route as it is easier and you get to cross the snow part near the Cho La Pass early in the morning. Also, note that it takes an additional day compared to the clockwise route.

DaysTrek RouteDistanceDurationAltitude
Day 1Fly from Kathmandu to Lukla, trek from Lukla to Phakding8 Km4-5 HoursAcclimatization Day at Dingboche,
trek to Nangartshang Peak or Chhukung village
Day 2Phakding to Namche Bazaar10 Km8-10 Hours2500 m to 3440 m
Day 3Acclimatization day at Namche Bazaar, trek to the Everest View Hotel or Khumjung and Khunde villages5.4 Km or 5.2 Km4 Hours or 5-6 Hours3880 m, 3790 m, 3840 m
Day 4Namche Bazaar to Tengboche/ Deboche/ Pangboche10 Km/ 11 Km/ 13 Km6-7 Hours/ 7 Hours/ 8-10 Hours3440 m – 3865 m/ 3820 m/ 3958 m
Day 5Tengboche/ Deboche/ Pangboche to Dingboche10 Km/ 9 Km/ 7 Km7-8 Hours/ 6-8 Hours/ 5-6 Hours3865 m/ 3820 m/ 3958 m – 4350 m
Day 6Acclimatization day at Dingboche,
trek to Nangartshang Peak or Chhukung village
4 Km/ 4.5 Km5 Hours/ 3 Hours5083 m or 4730 m
Day 7Dingboche to Lobuche8 Km6 Hours4350 m – 4930 m
Day 8Lobuche to Gorakshep, trek to EBC and back to Gorakshep5 Km, 7 Km3 Hours, 3-5 HoursEBC 5364 m,
4930 m – 5160 m
Day 9Trek to Kala Patthar and back to Gorakshep, Gorakshep to Dzongla4 Km, 12 km5 Hours, 4-6 HoursKala Patthar 5545 m,5160 m – 4830 m 
Day 10Dzongla to Dragnag via Cho La Pass8.8 Km8 Hours4830 m – 4700 m
Day 11Dragnag to Gokyo via Ngozumba Glacier3.6 Km3-4 Hours4700 m – 4750 m
Day 12Acclimatization day at Gokyo,
trek to Gokyo Ri and the Gokyo Lakes 
3.6 Km, 12.6 Km5 hours, 5 hours5344 m, 4988 m
Day 13Gokyo to Dole/ Phortse Thanga12 Km/ 15 Km5-6 Hours/ 6-7 Hours4750 m – 4038 m/ 4050 m
Day 14Dole/ Phortse Thanga to Nache Bazaar8 Km/ 11 Km7-8 Hours/ 6-7 Hours4038 m/ 4050 m  – 3440 m
Day 15Namche Bazaar to Lukla18 Km6-10 Hours3440 m – 2800 m
Day 16Buffer Day
Day 17Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu

EBC And Three Passes

EBC and 3 passes trekking route map

EBC and Three Passes Trek is also a loop that can be done either clockwise or counterclockwise. The most scenic yet challenging of all the above-mentioned routes involve crossing both – the Khumbu and Ngozumpa glaciers and 3 high-mountain passes. The three high mountain passes are

  • Kongma La, 5535 m – said to be the most difficult one
  • Cho La Pass, 5350 m – equally challenging to Kongma La
  • Renjo La Pass, 5360 m – easiest among the three

Discover our exhilarating journey of crossing the glacier and learn valuable lessons from our mistakes.

Clockwise Route (Renjo La – Cho La Pass – Kongma La Pass, 17 Days, 99.4 Miles/ 160 Km)

DaysTrek RouteDistanceDurationAltitude
Day 1Fly from Kathmandu to Lukla, trek from Lukla to Phakding8 Km4-5 Hours2800 m to 2500 m
Day 2Phakding to Namche Bazaar10 Km8-10 Hours2500 m to 3440 m
Day 3Acclimatization day at Namche Bazaar, trek to the Everest View Hotel or Khumjung and Khunde villages5.4 Km or 5.2 Km4 Hours or 5-6 Hours3880 m, 3790 m, 3840 m
Day 4Namche Bazaar to Thame8.8 Km7 Hours3440 m – 3750 m
Day 5Thame to Lungden9.4 Km6 Hours3750 m – 4380 m
Day 6Lungden to Gokyo via Renjo La Pass11 Km10 Hours4380 m – 4750 m
Day 7Acclimatization day at Gokyo, trek to Gokyo Ri and Gokyo Lakes3.6 Km, 12.6 Km5 hours, 5 hours5344 m, 4988 m
Day 8Gokyo to Dragnag via Ngozumpa Glacier3.6 Km2-4 Hours4750 m – 4700 m
Day 9Dragnag to Dzongla via Cho La Pass8.8 Km6-8 Hours4700 m – 4830 m
Day 10Dzongla to Lobuche6.3 Km4 Hours4830 m – 4930 m
Day 11Lobuche to Gorakshep, Trek to EBC and back to Gorakshep5 Km, 7 Km3 Hours, 3-5 HoursEBC 5364 m,
4930 m – 5160m
Day 12Trek to Kala Patthar and back to Gorakshep, Gorakshep to Lobuche4 Km, 4.6 km5 Hours, 2 HoursKala Patthar 5545 m,5160 m – 4930 m 
Day 13Lobuche to Dingboche via Khumbu Glacier and Kongma La Pass14 Km10 – 12 Hours4930 m – 4350 m
Day 14Dingboche to Namche Bazar20 Km7- 10 Hours4350 m – 3440 m
Day 15Namche Bazaar to Lukla18 Km6-10 Hours3440 m – 2800 m
Day 16Buffer Day
Day 17Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu

Counterclockwise Route (Kongma La – Cho La Pass – Renjo La Pass, 17 Days, 110 Miles/ 176.5 Km)

Kongma La Pass Summit
At the summit of Kongma La Pass

This is the exact route that we did during September’23 and we recommend the same.

DaysTrek RouteDistanceDurationAltitude
Day 1Fly from Kathmandu to Lukla, trek from Lukla to Phakding8 Km4-5 Hours2800 m to 2500 m
Day 2Phakding to Namche Bazaar10 Km8-10 Hours2500 m to 3440 m
Day 3Acclimatization day at Namche Bazaar, trek to the Everest View Hotel or Khumjung and Khunde villages5.4 Km or 5.2 Km4 Hours or 5-6 Hours3880 m, 3790 m, 3840 m
Day 4Namche Bazaar to Tengboche/ Deboche/ Pangboche10 Km/ 11 Km/ 13 Km6-7 Hours/ 7 Hours/ 8-10 Hours3440 m – 3865 m/ 3820 m/ 3958 m
Day 5Tengboche/ Deboche/ Pangboche to Dingboche10 Km/ 9 Km/ 7 Km7-8 Hours/ 6-8 Hours/ 5-6 Hours3865 m/ 3820 m/ 3958 m – 4350 m
Day 6Dingboche to Chukhung, trek to Chukhung Ri or Island Peak Base Camp or Imja Tsho4.5 Km, 8 Km, 14 Km, 6 Km3 Hours, 7 Hours, 5-7 Hours, 5 Hours4350 m – 4730 m, 5514 m, 5116 m, 5004 m
Day 7Chhukung to Lobuche via Kongma La Pass and Khumbu Glacier12 Km7-10 Hours4730 m – 4930 m
Day 8Lobuche to Gorakshep, trek to EBC and back to Gorakshep5 Km, 7 Km3 Hours, 3-5 HoursEBC 5364 m,
4930 m – 5160 m
Day 9Trek to Kala Patthar and back to Gorakshep, Gorakshep to Dzongla4 Km, 12 km5 Hours, 4-6 HoursKala Patthar 5545 m,5160 m – 4830 m 
Day 10Dzongla to Dragnag via Cho La Pass8.8 Km8 Hours4830 m – 4700 m
Day 11Dragnag to Gokyo via Ngozumpa Glacier3.6 Km3-4 Hours4700 m – 4750 m
Day 12Acclimitization day at Gokyo, trek to Gokyo Ri and the Gokyo Lakes 3.6 Km, 12.6 Km5 hours, 5 hours5344 m, 4988 m
Day 13Gokyo to Lungden/ Marulung via Renjo La Pass11 Km/ 13 Km7-9 Hours4750 m – 4380 m/ 4210 m
Day 14Lungden/ Marulung to Nache Bazaar18 Km/ 16 Km6 – 9 Hours4380 m/ 4210 m – 3440 m
Day 15Namche Bazaar to Lukla18 Km6-10 Hours3440 m – 2800 m
Day 16Buffer Day
Day 17Fly from Lukla to Kathmandu

Reaching Lukla Via Different Routes

Fly From Kathmandu

Kathmandu Lukla EBC flight

The best and easiest option is to fly from Kathmandu to Lukla directly. But the flights operate only when clear weather is observed and during the off-season. To know more about the Lukla flights, refer to this FAQ blog that’ll answer your queries.

You can also take a helicopter ride from Kathmandu to Lukla. A private charter would cost you $2900 while a shared ride costs $500 per person.

Fly From Ramechhap

During May and October, flights operate from Ramechhap to Lukla, not from Kathmandu. The trekkers have to take a bus or jeep ride from Kathmandu to Ramechhap which usually takes about 4 hours.

A few mountaineers combine EBC with summiting the Island Peak.

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